Open innovation

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We also see terms like participatory, regenerative innovation.

The open culture sees open innovation as in open source development, a participatory (open and collaborative) process that leads to the generation of new technologies, which are not limited in their dissemination by intellectual property licenses, and are shared under some type of open source license. The open culture engages in open innovation and truly leverages collective intelligence. The process is stigmergic and deploys within online communities (as open source projects) and open innovation spaces such as: fablabs, makerspaces, hackerspaces, etc.

The corporate culture sees open innovation as consortium innovation, a limited collaborative process that leads to the generation of new technology, which is restricted in its dissemination by intellectual property rights, shared intellectual property n this case. This type of open innovation is more planned, market-driven and uses traditional R&D project management techniques. The process can be trans-sectorial, having more than one corporation and public institutions involved (universities) - public-private partnership. We call intermediary organizations new institutions that can be seen as new innovation powerhouses, in the traditional world, that get funding from the state to facilitate connection and collaboration among firms, universities and other types of research labs. These organizations often set up other type of structures and organizations such as consortia, incubators, accelerators, clusters and even super-clusters.

See also